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The Book of 1 Thessalonians – Part 1

CALVARY BAPTIST CHURCH — SOTB — AUTUMN 2016

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THE BOOK OF 1 THESSALONIANS — PART ONE

Author: Paul (1 Thess 1:1) (1 Thess 2:18)

Date Written: AD 51

Where Written From:
Written by Paul from the city of Corinth shortly after his departure from Thessalonica (Acts 17:1-11). Some believe that the Thessalonian books may well have been Paul’s earliest writings.

Main Theme:
The Glorious return of the Lord Jesus Christ: but there are also a number of other themes. The return of Christ is referred to in all 5 chapters of 1 Thessalonians.

Key Thoughts in 1 Thess 1:1

1) The 3 Human persons of 1 Thess 1:1

a) The Apostle Paul:

  1. A man with a Previous name — Saul (Acts 8:1) (Acts 9:1) (Acts 13:9)
  2. A man Born in Tarsus. (Acts 9:11)
  3. A Zealous Pharisee before conversion. (Acts 22:3) (Gal 1:14) (Phil 3:5)
  4. A Roman Citizen. (Acts 16:37)
  5. A Persecutor of Christians before conversion. (Acts 7:58)
  6. A Glorious conversion to Christ. (Acts 9:3-22)
  7. A Calling to be an Apostle. (Rom 1:1) (1 Cor 1:1) (Gal 1:1)
  8. A Believer who eventually was accepted by the disciples after they first doubted the genuineness of his conversion. (Acts 9:26-29)
  9. An Apostle who knows the will of God for his life
    — His main mission is to the Gentiles.
    (Acts 13:47-48) (Rom 11:13)
  10. An Apostle who has a great companion as an encourager.
    (Acts 11:25-26)
  11. An Apostle who visits a vast number of geographical locations during his ministry.
  12. An Apostle who endured much persecution for the sake of the gospel.
    (1 Thess 2:2)

b) Silvanus: (Silas)

  1. A man who was a great helper to Paul. (Acts 15:40-41)
  2. A man who shared a prison with Paul. (Acts 16:19-40)
  3. A man who witnessed a great miracle of God. (Acts 16)
  4. A man who was a postman for Peter
    — Silas delivered Peter’s letter to Asia Minor. (1 Peter 5:12)

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c) Timotheus:

  1. His mother was a believer. (Acts 16:1)
  2. His Great and honourable testimony known among many.
    (Acts 16:2) (1 Cor 4:17) (2 Tim 1:5)
  3. His zeal for the things of God and God’s people. (Phil 2:19-22)
  4. His genuine Gift from God. (1 Tim 4:14) (2 Tim 1:6)
  5. His recognition by Paul as being a genuine and true brother in Jesus.
    (1 Cor 4:17) (Phil 2:22) (1 Tim 1:2) (2 Tim 1:2-4)

2) The 2 Divine Persons Mentioned in 1 Thess 1:1:

a) God Our Father:

(Rom 1:7) (1 Cor 1:3) (2 Cor 1:2) (Eph 1:2) (Phil 1:2) (Col 1:2)

(2 Thess 1:2) (1 Tim 1:2) (Philem 1:3)

b) Lord Jesus Christ:

(Acts 11:17) (Acts 15:11) (Acts 15:26) (Acts 20:21) (Acts 28:31)

3) The 2 Characteristics Of The 2 Divine Persons in 1 Thess 1:1

  1. Grace:

(1 Peter 5:10) (Psalm 84:11) (John 1:14) (Rom 5:15) (1 Cor 1:4)

Grace is Great — (Acts 4:33)

Grace is Rich — (Eph 1:7) (Eph 2:7)

Grace is exceeding — (2 Cor 9:14)

Grace is all Sufficient — (2 Cor 12:9)

Grace is all Abundant — (Rom 5:15) (Rom 5:17) (Rom 5:20)

Grace is Glorious — (Eph 1:6)

b) Peace:

Genuine Peace comes from God alone.

(Psa 147:14) (Isa 45:7) (1 Cor 14:33)

Genuine Peace come from departing from evil. (Psalm 34:14)

Genuine Peace is a fruit of righteousness. (James 3:18)

Genuine Peace is something believers should love. (Zec 8:19)

Genuine Peace is something believers should seek. (1 Peter 3:11)

Genuine Peace is something believers should live in.

(2 Corinthians 13:11)

Genuine Peace is something which believers should have with one another.

(Mark 9:50) (1 Thess 5:13)

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Key Thoughts in 1 Thess 1:2

1) Paul Gave Thanks for the Thessalonian Christians.

(Rom 1:8-9) (Romans 6:17) (1 Corinthians 1:4) (Phil 1:3-4) (Col 1:3)

2) Paul Prayed for the Thessalonian Christians.

(Romans 1:9-10) (Eph 1:16) (2 Tim 1:3) (Col 1:9) (1 Sam 12:23)

(Philemon 1:4) (1 Thess 3:10) (2 Thess 1:11) (Acts 20:36) (Acts 21:5)

(Jer 42:4) (Phil 1:4)

Key Thoughts in 1 Thess 1:3

“Three characteristics of the Thessalonian Believers”

a) Work of Faith (Examples of Work of Faith)

1) A Genuine work of Faith

cannot bear evil and will interrogate false teachers. (Rev 2:2)

2) A Genuine work of Faith

will result in good works and almsdeeds. (Acts 9:36)

3) A Genuine work of Faith

will give as giving unto Jesus. (Matt 25:35-36)

4) A Genuine work of Faith

will involve good work in God’s House. (Neh 13:14)

5) A Genuine work of Faith

will involve 100% dedication to Christ. (Matt 26:7-10)

b) Labour of Love (Example of Labour of Love)

1) A work of Love towards others who are dear to us in the Body of Christ.

(1 Thess 2:8)

2) A Heartfelt Love towards others in the Body of Christ.

(Phil 1:7) (1 Thess 2:11)

3) A Heartfelt Love for God and His Work. which results in a Heartfelt Love towards His People

(Heb 6:10).

c) Patience of Hope

(Much of the books of 1 and 2 Thessalonians are taken up with the HOPE believers have which marks them out from the unbeliever):

A summary of Bible Hope is worthwhile here as so much of what is said about bible hope is not really Hope at all:

The following is a miniature synopsis of

BIBLE HOPE

“There are three important aspects of Hope as mentioned in the scripture”

1) The Hope Of The Wicked:

This generally involves; money, possessions, and doing what I want without including God in my thinking.

a) The Hope Of The Wicked Will Perish:

(Job 8:13) (Job 11:20) (Job 27:8) (Prov 11:7)

b) The Hope Of The Wicked Results In No God. (Eph 2:12)

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2) The Hope Of The Believer — The Object Of Their Hope:

a) The object of the Believer’s Hope is The Lord God Himself.

The Genuine Believer Can Have No Hope Or Confidence In Himself.

(Psalm 31:24) (Psalm 42:11) (Psalm 71:4-5) (Psalm 146:5)

(Lam 3:24)

b) The Object of the Believer’s Hope is The Mercy Of The Lord.

(Psalm 33:18)

c) The Object of the Believer’s Hope is The Lord Jesus Christ Himself.

(1 Tim 1:1) (Titus 2:13)

3) The Hope Of The Believer

— What This Hope Results In

— What Difference Does It Make In A Saved Person’s Life:

a) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person

NOT TO BE ASHAMED OR DISAPPOINTED:

(Rom 5:5) (Phil 1:20) (Rom 1:16) (Rom 10:11) (2 Tim 1:8)

b) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person

TO GLORY IN TRIBULATIONS:

(Job 3:15) (Rom 5:3-5)

c) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

HAVE THE EXPECTATION OF BEING SET FREE
FROM THE BONDAGE OF CORRUPTION:

(Rom 8:19-21)

d) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

BE LOOKING OUT FOR THE RETURN OF JESUS:

(Titus 2:13)

e) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

HAVE AN ANCHOR FOR THEIR SOUL:

(Heb 6:19)

f) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

DESIRE PURITY:

(1 John 3:3)

g) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

BE GLAD AND NOT MISERABLE:

(Proverbs 10:28)

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h) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

LOOK FORWARD TO ETERNAL LIFE:

(1 Thess 5:8) (Col 1:27)

i) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

HAVE GREATER CONFIDENCE IN THE THINGS OF GOD:

(Psalm 71:5) (Heb 3:6)

j) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

BELIEVE IN THE IMPOSSIBLE BEING MADE POSSIBLE:

(Rom 4:17-21)

***Notice Here That Faith Resulted In Hope

And Hope Resulted In Faith***

k) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

BE SURE OF A RESURRECTION:

(1 Peter 1:3) (Acts 23:6)

l) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

APPRECIATE THE GRACE OF GOD:

(2 Thess 2:16)

m) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

PROCLAIM THE GOSPEL:

***Because The Gospel Is Mankind’s Only Hope***

(Col 1:23) (2 Corinthians 3:12) (1 Peter 3:15)

n) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

ABOUND IN THE THINGS OF CHRIST:

(Rom 15:13)

o) Genuine Bible Hope Causes A Saved Person To

BE STEADFAST IN FAITH:

(1 Thess 1:3)