The Book of 1 Thessalonians – Part 10




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1 Thessalonians 4:1-11


In this study we make a start on the great chapter of 1 Thessalonians 4.

This chapter is well known for the encouraging teaching concerning the Rapture of the Church.

However there is much much more contained in these 18 verses:

1 Thess 4:1 How ye ought to walk and PLEASE God.

Throughout scripture we have guidance on what it means to PLEASE GOD.

1) A Christian pleases God by the correct use of their Bodies. (Rom 12:1)

2) A Christian pleases God by allowing God

to develop the Fruit of the Spirit in their hearts. (Eph 5:8-10)

3) A Christian pleases God by sowing to the spirit. (Gal 6:8)

4) A Christian pleases God by being fruitful in every good work. (Col 1:10)

5) A Christian pleases God by increasing in the knowledge of God. (Col 1:10)

6) A Christian pleases God by praying for those in positions of authority.

(1 Tim 2:1-3)

7) A Christian pleases God

by ensuring that their home life is honourable to God. (1 Tim 5:4)

8) A Christian pleases God by NOT pleasing men. (Gal 1:10) (1 Thess 2:4)

9) A Christian pleases God by having a Willing heart for God.

(1 Chron 29:17)

10) A Christian pleases God by having a broken and contrite heart.

(Psalm 51:16-17)

11) A Christian pleases God by genuine Praise and Thanksgiving to God.

(Psalm 69:30-31)

12) A Christian pleases God by Fearing God. (Psalm 147:10-11)

13) A Christian pleases God by being Honest. (Proverbs 12:22)

14) A Christian pleases God by praying to Him. (Proverbs 15:8)

15) A Christian pleases God by doing Good. (Heb 13:16)

16) A Christian pleases God by a Good Testimony. (Heb 11:5)

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1 Thess 4:2

For ye know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus Christ.

Paul is indicating here that the things he had been and is now instructing the Thessalonians are coming with the AUTHORITY of the Lord Jesus Christ.

In other words these instructions were as from Heaven

— Not just something Paul had made up in his own wisdom.

This is an important statement because it distinguishes the word of God from man’s word.

(2 Peter 1:21) (Rev 1:10) (2 Tim 3:16) (Acts 1:16) (Acts 28:25)

(Amos 3:7) (Micah 3:8)

1 Thess 4:3 For this is the Will of God.

Another major topic is opened up here by the Apostle

— The Will of God is a vast teaching in scripture and all believers should constantly be learning what God WILLS for their lives and then put this into practice.

The following is a brief summary as to

some key points concerning God’s Will:

1) God’s Will can be Known.

(2 Sam 7:21) (1 Chron 17:19) (Col 1:25-26) (Ex 18:15-16) (Jer 42:3-4)

(Amos 3:7) (Gal 1:11-12) (Eph 1:9-10) (John 6:38) (Rom 12:2) (Rom 2:18)

(Luke 12:47) (Acts 22:14) (Col 4:12)

2) God’s Will can be Understood. (Eph 5:17)

3) God’s Will can be Done. (Psalm 40:8) (Mark 3:35) (Eph 6:6) (Heb 10:36)

4) God’s Will includes that He would desire for all men to be saved.

(1 Tim 2:4)

5) God’s Will includes the 10 commandments. (Ex 20) (Deut 5) (Deut 6:5)

6) God’s Will includes that He has no desire for little ones to perish.

(Matt 18:14)

7) God’s Will includes that He has no desire for ANYONE to perish.

(2 Peter 3:9)

8) God’s Will includes

Giving Thanks In All Circumstances And For All Things. (1 Thess 5:8)

9) God’s Will includes being Individual for each Believer.

(1 Cor 1:1) (2 Cor 1:1) (Eph 1:1)

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10) God’s Will includes the process of Sanctification in the Believers Life.

(1 Thess 4:3)

11) God’s Will includes the Believer abstaining from Fornication.

(1 Thess 4:3) (1 Peter 4:2)

12) God’s Will includes the Believer in actions of well doing. (1 Peter 2:15)

13) God’s Will includes the Believer suffering for well doing.

(1 Peter 3:17) (1 Peter 4:19)

14) God’s Will includes the fact that Jesus voulantarily died for our sins.

(Gal 1:4)

15) God’s Will includes

the fact that whosoever believes in Christ has eternal life. (John 6:40)

16) God’s Will includes Soul Winning. (Mark 16:15)

1 Thess 4:3 Even your Sanctification

The Apostle Paul brings before us another great teaching of Scripture


— Often taken to mean growth in Holiness and Purity

once a person comes to Christ.

— It means that we are now separated for Christ and His work.

Unlike Justification which is a one off instant event at Salvation

— Sanctification is a lifelong process in a Believer which starts at the point of Salvation and ends when Christ takes us to be with Himself in Heaven.

Some key teachings on Sanctification are as follows.

1) Sanctification is Primarily comes through the Cross.

(2 Cor 5:15) (Titus 2:14) (Hebrews 10:10-14) (Hebrews 13:12)

(1 Cor 6:11) (1 Cor 1:2)

2) Sanctification is applied by the work of God’s Holy Spirit.

(Romans 15:15-16) (2 Thess 2:13) (1 Peter 1:1-2) (Eph 1:4)

3) Sanctification is also

an outworking of God’s word the Bible in the Believers Life.

(John 17:17) (2 Cor 7:1) (Eph 5:25-27)

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1 Thess 4:4 That everyone of you should know how to possess his vessel.

The key thought in this verse is that every Believer should KNOW HOW TO control and manage his or her own body.

God’s Spirit working in our new life in Christ should have mastery of our physical body.

1 Thess 4:5 Even as the Gentiles which know not God.

The theme of not knowing God appears a number of times in scripture

1) Living by worldly wisdom results in a person not knowing God.

(1 Cor 1:21)

2) Worshipping false gods prevents a person knowing the true God.

(Gal 4:8)

3) A Lake of Fire awaits those who know not God. (2 Thess 1:8)

4) Fools are people who know not God and know not the Way of God.

(Jer 5:4)

1 Thess 4:6 That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter.

This primarily means that a Christian must never take advantage of or exploit a brother in any matter including

— Morally; Financially; and in Business dealings

— In other words one Christian should not USE another believer to advantage themselves.

(Heb 13:4) (Ex 20:15) (Ex 20:17) (Lev 19:11) (Lev 19:13) (Lev 25:14)

(Deut 24:7) (1 Cor 6:7-9)

1 Thess 4:7

For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness.

Holiness is yet another major teaching in scripture

— A doctrine which should have an impact on all parts of our Christian life and walk.

1) The Christian is to Follow Holiness. (Heb 12:14)

2) The Christian is to obey the command of God concerning Holiness.

(1 Peter 1:16)

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3) The Christian is to remember

that he or she has been set apart to serve God in Holiness. (Deut 7:6)

4) The Christian is to remember

that Fear of the Lord and Holiness are related. (2 Cor 7:1)

5) The Christian is to remember

that Holiness is an important factor in the worship of God.

(Psalm 93:5) (Psalm 29:2) (Psalm 96:9)

6) The Christian is to remember

that their testimony should be surrounded with Holiness.

(Romans 6:22) (2 Peter 3:11) (Luke 1:75) (Romans 6:19) (Romans 12:1)

(Mark 6:20)

7) The Christian is to remember

that a part of their calling is a calling unto Holiness. (1 Thess 4:7)

8) The Christian is to remember that if they are the aged woman

their behaviour should spring from Holiness. (Titus 2:3)

9) The Christian is to remember that sometimes God’s chastening

will lead to a growth in their lives of Holiness. (Heb 12:10)

1 Thess 4:8a He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God

Paul is saying that whoever rejects the teaching of Holiness

in the previous verse is not rejecting man but God Himself.

This of course can be applied to any part of the scripture.

Scripture teaching on any subject being rejected of altered in some fashion

is not a rejection of man but rather a rejection of God Himself and what he

stands for.

1 Thess 4:8b But God who hath also given unto us His Holy Spirit.

(John 3:34) (John 4:14) (Acts 15:8) (Rom 5:5) (1 Cor 2:12) (Luke 11:13)

(Acts 2:38) (2 Cor 1:22) (2 Cor 5:5) (Acts 5:32)

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1 Thess 4:9-10

In these verses Paul commends the Thessalonian Believers for their care;

love, and concern for each other

— An amazing thing as all of them were very young Christians

for the most part

— They had learnt to GROW UP quickly.

He also urges them at the end of verse 10 not to stop in these Godly actions

but to continue pressing on that this pattern of Christian love will continue

to flourish.

1 Thess 4:11

Three key things being stated in this verse:

1) Believers are to make it their ambition and goal

to lead a Quiet and Peaceful Life. (Ecc 4:6) (1 Tim 2:2) (Prov 17:1)

2) Believers are to Mind Their Own Business.

Here Paul is talking about guarding our own business and employment opportunities

— But he is also talking about keeping ourselves to ourselves

and not prying into other people’s finances

and work which is nothing to do with us.

— There is also a warning inferred here about being a gossip.

 (Prov 20:19) (Psalm 34:13) (Prov 11:13) (Psalm 141:3) (Titus 3:2)

(James 4:11) (James 1:26) (1 Tim 5:13) (Prov 10:19) (Prov 18:6-7)

(Prov 21:23) (Prov 25:9-10)

3) Believers are to work with their own hands and hence earn an income

and be Self Supporting as far as is possible in their circumstances;

and in addition give to the needs of others.

(Prov 31:19) (Eph 4:28) (2 Thess 3:12)