Homiletics Lesson 11
SCHOOL of the BIBLE
Instructor: Colin Pavitt
Homiletics – The Type Sermon (Page One)
The Type Sermon or Typical Sermon
This is a wonderfully BIBLE BASED SERMON much of the message, including introduction, main body, illustrations, and conclusion can be directly lifted out of the scriptures.
The Typical or type sermon brings together in perfect unity God’s complete Revelation as a whole right through the Old Testament to the New Testament it shows that although the Bible was written over a 1500 year period, its message throughout the whole period is harmonious.
Modern Christians are in Danger of emphasising the New Testament at the expense of the Old Testament, but the Typical sermon puts that to rest, and in this sort of sermon we see that without the Old testament we really could have no FULL understanding of the New Testament.
The fact is that in the Old Testament are all the SEEDS (The beginnings) of the great Doctrines of Scripture and without these we have no foundation.
- In the Old Testament we have SHADOWS or PICTURES or TYPES of things to be fulfilled in the New Testament*
- The Old Testament is RICH and FULL of types of Christ and his work. Types are very prominent in the Pentateuch.
Moses a type of CHRIST the deliverer
1: Just as MOSES was a DIVINELY CHOSEN DELIVERER
(Exodus 3:7-10) (Acts 7:22-25) (Acts 7:35)
So was CHRIST (Luke 4:18) (Rom 11:26) (1 Thess 1:10)
2: Just as MOSES was REJECTED BY ISRAEL
(Exodus 2:11-15) (Acts 7:23-29)
So was Christ (Luke 19:14) (Matt 21:38) (Acts 2:36-37)
3: Just as MOSES was a PROPHET
(Deut 18:18) (Acts 3:22-23)
So was Christ (Luke 7:16) (Matthew 21 :11)
Homiletics – The Type Sermon (Page 2)
4: Just as MOSES was an ADVOCATE
So was Christ (1 John 2:1-2)
ARK a type of CHRIST
1: Just as Noah was commanded to ENTER the ARK
So Christ commanded us to ENTER HIM (Matthew 7:13-14).
2: Just as Noah was kept safe in the Ark
So Christ is our security
3: Just as the ARK had ONE GREAT DOOR
(Gen 6:16) (Gen 7:16)
So Christ is the only GREAT DOOR TO HEAVEN (John 10:9)
Note the important comparison phrases
- Just as
- So was Christ
- So Christ
- And so did Christ
Many other types such as:
- Tabernacle – Joshua – David – Adam – Joseph – Serpent on Pole – Cities of Refuge
Homiletics – Sermon Delivery (Page 3)
HOMILETICS – SERMON DELIVERY
Introduction: When the sermon has been prepared the preachers greatest ordeal is still to be faced; the actual delivery of the message in public – To assist in this the following points may be helpful in a practical sense.
1) NERVOUSNESS AND LACK OF SELF CONFIDENCE: This can be a real problem for some preachers which could result in the preaching freezing or having blank spots. However it certainly needs to be remembered that actually lacking self confidence is very often a blessing because it causes the preacher to look to the Lord for help rather than depend upon our own talents and abilities.
A Key to overcoming nervousness and lack of confidence is GOOD PREPARATION of the message. If the preacher has prepared well God will see to it that the preacher WILL NOT FAIL. A good sermon can take anything between 3 to 8 hours to prepare.
Also the preacher needs to remember that he is there to preach the word of God and if we do so faithfully God will LOOK AFTER OUR REPUTATIONS. If the preacher has been faithful to the word of God he should never worry or fret what people think about him. What God thinks about us is what is important.
2) WHEN THE PREACHER ANNOUNCES A BIBLE PASSAGE – HE IS TO GIVE THE PEOPLE TIME TO FIND IT: This is an important practical point. If we do not do this sometimes we will have read the passage before the congregation finds it and it may lose some of its impact.
3) DO NOT ASSUME PEOPLE KNOW THINGS:
The preacher’s Job is to expound and explain; even Christians of many years standing don’t always know or understand some simple biblical teaching
– Often the preacher is the only person who knows what he is talking about.
4) SPEECH: This is a very important topic for all preacher’s
a) Speech must be loud enough for all to hear without shouting.
b) Speech must be clear enough for all to understand.
c) Every word should be FULLY pronounced and not cut off (Get a pronunciation dictionary)
Homiletics – Sermon Delivery (Page 4)
d) Do not speak too quickly (This is a fault of many preachers). Each word should reach the farthest point of the building before the next is uttered. However do not speak to slowly otherwise people will want you “To get on with it”
e) Alter pitch from time to time when appropriate. If this is not done a one tone voice can become very monotonous, and the congregation will fall asleep.
f) Use the power of the PAUSE. A very brief pause at the end of a sentence or phrase can be helpful to the listeners to gather the information you have just stated.
5) BE AWARE OF THE TIME FACTOR: A good idea is for the preacher to place his watch on the pulpit, glance at it every now and again. In this way the preacher will know when to stop and not outstay his welcome. Remember – STAND UP – SPEAK UP – SHUT UP.
6) EYE CONTACT: The preacher controls the meeting by the amount of eye contact they have with their hearers. When the preacher LOOKS at his hearers they automatically pay attention. The preacher should not keep looking at the ceiling or around the building while preaching but should be looking at his hearers.
7) DO NOT BE DISTURBED BY WHO MAY BE IN THE CONGREGATION:
The preacher is the man of God who has been appointed to preach; so the preacher should get on and do the job faithfully.
8) WHEN THE SERMON IS PREACHED: The preacher is to ensure to ANNOUNCE each point CLEARLY / CRISPLY and CONCISELY. The preacher’s hearers will in this way retain the message much better.
9) THE PREACHER IS TO BE HIMSELF: God is using the preacher as an individual. He is using that preacher’s personality and character. The preacher should NEVER strive to be like another preacher or teacher. Failure will follow if a preacher tries to imitate the style or method of another.
10) DRESS AND APPEARANCE: Very important. People subconsciously assess the preachers appearance. The preacher is a herald of the Lord. His appearance should reflect this privileged task.
Homiletics – Sermon Delivery (Page 5)
11) MANNERISMS: Be aware of these: Some examples are as below:
a) Preacher continually putting his hands in his pocket
b) Preacher rattling keys or change in his pockets.
c) Preacher taking glasses on and off.
d) Preacher swaying from side to side in pulpit
e) Preacher constantly clearing his throat.
f) Preacher constantly twitching eyes
g) Preacher using repetition snap phrases such as “You Know” “Basically” etc.
a) Make sure notes are well secured on the pulpit so they do not blow off or slide off.
b) Make sure notes are turned over easily without too much crinkling of paper.
“Sometimes a small loose leaf folder can be a good idea”
13) HUMOUR IN THE PULPIT:
The best guide here is to be “Natural and sincere”.
Any humour must be kept within proper limits and if the preacher brings in a humorous situation to illustrate a point it must fit the context of the message precisely.
NOTE: Remember preachers ARE NOT CLOWNS OR COMEDIANS But handlers Of the precious word of God.
WHAT AND HOW THE PREACHER SHOULD SPEAK
1) The Preacher should speak with GRACE SEASONED WITH SALT (Col 4:6)
2) The Preacher should speak with what they KNOW (1 John 3:14)
3) The Preacher should speak GOD’S PURPOSE. (Titus 2:11-15)
*** The Basis of many messages we should preach
are contained in these verses ***
Homiletics – Sermon Delivery (Page 6)
4) The Preacher should speak BOLDLY
- Peter and John spoke boldly. (Acts 4:13)
- Paul spoke boldly. (Acts 9:27) (Eph 6:20)
- Apollos spoke boldly. (Acts 18:26)
5) The Preacher should speak in TRUTH and LOVE (Eph 4:15)
6) The Preacher should speak UPRIGHTLY (Isaiah 33:15)
7) The Preacher should speak to
WARN THE WICKED AND SINNING SAINTS.
8) The Preacher should speak the THE WISDOM OF GOD
(1 Cor 2:7) (1 Cor 2:13)
9) The Preacher should speak of GOD’S TESTIMONIES
10) The Preacher should speak of GOD’S GLORY
11) The Preacher should speak of GOD’S RIGHTEOUSNESS AND PRAISE
12) The Preacher should speak and
KNOW HOW TO SPEAK A WORD IN SEASON
13) The Preacher should speak ALL THAT GOD COMMANDS US.
14) The Preacher should speak God’s word FAITHFULLY
15) The Preacher should speak GOD’S WORD ALONE
(1 Peter 4:11)
Homiletics – Sermon Delivery (Page 7)
16) The Preacher should speak WITHOUT FEAR
17) The Preacher should speak of ETERNITY