CALVARY BAPTIST CHURCH — SOTB — THE FLOOD
7th DECEMBER 2015
Accounts of the Flood survive today in the historic writings of many religions, races and cultures.
The Assyrians, who dated the flood at 2316 BC; the Greeks who dated it at 2297 BC; and the Egyptians who dated it at 2600 BC.
The flood, then, was a cataclysmic event. Some things to think about…..
- The flood would have increased the earth’s weight considerably.
- How big was the ark?
- What did the earth look like before the flood?
- The flood changed our eating habits.
- The flood changed our weather.
- All mankind, save 8 people, were destroyed.
- The earth was changed forever.
2 WHY STUDY THE FLOOD?
The flood account from Gen 6-9 is probably the most significant event of all time after creation itself. Why?
Well, let’s list just a few reasons:
- The God of love drowned millions of people – balanced view of God.
- Only 8 people were left alive of one family, so they must have been important.
- Changed the geology of the world significantly.
- Changed the weather – no rain before the flood, first clouds in chapter 9.
- Meat eaters after the flood.
- Grapes didn’t ferment until after the flood.
2.1 Before the flood…………Gen 2:5-6
So it had never rained.
2.2 Did the waters cover Mount Everest?
Gen 7:19-20 It doesn’t say ‘Mount Everest’. It says ‘the mountains were covered’. Were these mountains formed because of the flood or were they there before the flood?
2.3 No one had had a steak or a burger.
Before the flood…..
– Gen 2:9 & Gen 6:21
AND After the flood…
– Gen 9:1-3
2.4 Before the flood there was no mention of the fermenting of grapes, but after the flood ….. Gen 9:20-21
So, these examples show you that the flood was a major event and deserves our closer study.
2.5 The impacts of the flood on the geology of the earth were significant. The flood is linked to huge changes on a worldwide scale. One thing the flood does very well, is explain some of the things the evolutionists can’t explain.
In the first place, the evolutionists cannot explain erratic boulders. These are huge pieces of rock which have been moved somehow and have come to rest on rock which is of a different type.
Nor can they explain ossiferous fissures. Ossiferous fissures are cracks or crevices in the earth’s surface at high altitudes
The evolutionist cannot explain orogenesis (the formation of mountains).
Another thing the flood answers is what evolutionists can’t explain and that is population growth.
So let’s start our review in chapter 6 and look at why God decided to flood the earth.
I WILL DESTROY MAN. THE END OF ALL FLESH IS COME Gen 6:7 / 7:13
So, how many people would there have been on the earth at this time? At least 2 million, maybe many more.
We need to identify these sons of God as they play a part in the reason God flooded the world.
“Sons of God,” in the Old Testament, are defined in a book written shortly after the flood (Job 1, 2, 38), and they are present in time before Adam is created (Job 38:7). They are mentioned in a connection between Satan (Job 1–2) and the creation (Job 38). “The sons of God”, we find, are the angels of 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 6–7. They are angelic males, without wings, and can cohabit with women and reproduce. So what we see happening here in Gen 6 is the angels engaging in sexual relationships with women on earth. Every angel in the Bible from Genesis to Revelation is a male, without wings (check these verses in your own time…Rev. 21:17; Gal. 4:14; Acts 1:10; Judg. 13:3–21; Gen. 19:10–15).
Many root causes of sin can be traced to sexual immorality.
“There were GIANTS in the earth in those days; and also after that.” These giants appear in the historical accounts of the Old Testament, and sometimes are even named (look at in your own time..Deut. 3:11; 1 Chron. 20:4; Josh. 17:15; 2 Sam. 21:16–17; Num. 13:33).
Verse 5 is one of those terribly, sad verses in the bible.
“And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.” God “repenting” is defined in all places as God changing His mind on an issue which was never inflexible to start with. In cases such as Numbers 23:19 things are fixed, but in cases such as Exodus 32:14, where no proclamation has been committed to writing, there is a flexibility.
“I will destroy man….” This is not a reference to Adam. Note what follows: “The end of all flesh is come before me” (6:13). “I, do bring a flood…to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life…and every thing that is in the earth shall die” (6:17). “Every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth” (7:4). “And all flesh died…and every man…All in whose nostrils was the breath of life…And every living substance…Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him” (7:21–23).
Ensure you don’t have a lopsided view of God. The flood account demonstrates God having perfect wrath and perfect grace.
“But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord.” The first occurrence should be underlined. This is “grace” making her appearance for the first time in the Bible, and first mentions always set the context for the root meaning of the term.
Gen 6:9-13 Note the word ‘also’, it’s easy to miss!
Gen 6:14-16 “An ark of gopher wood.” The “ark” is a floating building with rooms, not a “ship” or a “boat” in the true sense of the word; nor is there any reason to build a “boat,” for Noah is not preparing to sail anywhere—he is preparing to float.
Vs 14 Pitch it within and without with pitch.
There is no mention of iron, copper, brass, or tin in the construction. The ark is made of living organisms (trees) which must die to protect Noah and his family
Some say the ark was too small for fit all the animals in. But those saying that often can’t tell you how big it was!
Now, to calculate the size of the ark we need Gen 6:15 which tells us the dimensions, but it’s measured in ‘cubits’. So, if we know the size of a cubit, we can convert the measurements into terms we understand today.
But the question is how long is a cubit? The first mention of a cubit in the bible is this verse.
Look at Gen 6:4 Also Ezek 43:13 A cubit might not have been 18 inches.
Gen 6:16 A window thou shalt make
This is another first mention. A window.
“And the door of the ark…lower, second, and third stories.” The ark reminds us of the construction of Ezekiel’s temple in Ezekiel 42:5–6 and recalls to our minds the three divisions of the tabernacle, the three divisions of Palestine (Galilee, Jordan, the Dead Sea) and the “three heavens” of Pauline revelation (2 Cor. 12:1–4). The tabernacle is a type of heaven as we learned and heaven has stories as well Amos 9:6
“But with thee will I establish my covenant.” First mentions are always important in the Book of books. Although God has made two agreements before this. (Edenic, in the garden, Gen. 2:16–17; and Adamic, at the fall, Gen. 3:14–19), the word “covenant” is not used specifically. The sign of the Edenic Covenant was a tree; the sign of the Adamic Covenant was a sheep skin. “Thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons’ wives with thee.” These people constitute the “few” of 1 Peter 3:20. Everyone on the earth after the flood came from these three individuals, Japheth, Ham and Shem.
Gen 6:19 The word “sort” is worth noting. The term to especially note is “after his kind”
Gen 6:20 “After their kind” solves the insolvable, where it deals with the number of animals that went into Noah’s ark, for “kind” clearly tells the reader that Noah is dealing with families or sorts of animals, not species. The Bible rejecter must insist that no ark could hold two species of every animal on the earth but it doesn’t say species.
Zoology divides things as follows:
- Kingdom: Animal, in distinction from vegetable and mineral.
- Phylum: Vertebrate, in distinction from non-vertebrate.
- Class: Mammal, in distinction from fish, which would stay in the water during the flood.
- Order: Carnivore, “meat eaters,” in distinction from herbivore.
- Family: Canine, in distinction from feline and others.
- Genus: Dog, in distinction from wolf, coyote, fox, etc.
- Species: Collie, in distinction from setter, Dachshund, French poodle, German shepherd.
If we use these modern terms to help us understand, what Noah is commanded to do is to take on board one male and one female of every ‘Family’ if it is an unclean animal; and seven males and seven females of every ‘Family’ if it is a clean animal. From the family he gets the genus. So this means for example, two dogs, two foxes, two wolves and two coyote and he could get every species of dog he needs.
COME THOU AND ALL THY HOUSE INTO THE ARK 7:1
Gen 7:1-3, 8
“Of every clean beast…and of beasts that are not clean….” The clean beasts are for sacrifice as well as propagation; hence, seven times as many. The unclean animals are listed in Leviticus 11. They go in by families: seven pairs of male and female per family. There was plenty of room for all the families required to make the genus to make the species.
Jump to 7:14 Notice the omission of one whole class of animals. Amphibians.
Gen 7: 4-6 “I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights.” In order to cover the top of Mt. Everest (if that was the top), forty days of rain would have to spout down at a rate of 725 feet per day.
A mathematician worked out that if the highest point of water coverage was over the summit of Mount Everest, then the weight of water would be 6,595,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 tons. This would have increased the earth’s weight by over 55%. With this is mind, it is interesting to know that the earth does not sit true ie upright, on its axis. It is tilted to one side by 23.5% and some suggest that the flood caused this seismic shift which creates the seasons as we know them today.
Gen 7:4 “And every living substance that I have made will I destroy….”
Gen 7:6 “And Noah was six hundred years old.”
Gen 7:7-10 And Noah went in…..Do you realize that Noah stepped into that ark with three daughters-in-law and his wife and sons, without knowing when he would get out of that box?
“There went in two and two unto Noah into the ark…” vs 9
Gen 7:10 And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth
Gen 7:11-12 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights
The seventeenth day of the second month is the starting point for figuring the time periods here.
Gen 7:4 God says the flood will start with Him causing it to rain.
Gen 7:10 says the waters of the flood were upon the earth confirming this is rain as it started at the same time.
Gen 7:11 But we’re also told something else gets a look in: “were all the fountains of the great deep broken up” and “windows of heaven were opened”.
Now, at the rate of thirty six feet per hour the only thing surviving after ten days of rain were men and animals dwelling above 7,200 feet.
Gen 7:13-16 is a general review of the preceding verses so we’ll move to the phrase “And the Lord shut him in.”
Gen 7:17-20 The description is not that of a local flood. A Christian scientist believes the effects of the flood would have caused tidal waves to go around the world twice a day at 100 miles an hour (waves produced by earthquakes have been clocked at 430 mph) running six miles high at the equator (that is higher than Mt. Everest if it existed then)
And combined with the tidal upheaval (it had to be a universal flood, for a local flood would have landed Noah’s “ark” in the Indian Ocean—not on top of Mt. Ararat!), volcanoes would have blown their top (literally) and masses of land twenty to thirty miles square were sailing thirty miles in the atmosphere. Volcanoes have already erupted, since 1800, which blew masses 36 square miles in size up into the air and blew rocks thirty-four miles high. Consult any scientific account on the explosion of Tambora [Indonesia] in 1815 or the explosion of Krakatoa [between Sumatra and Java] on August 27, 1883.)
Down comes the rain. Amidst the horror and terror, Noah’s family is “saved by water” (1 Pet. 3:20–21). The Earth convulses. Huge crevices open in it which could have been 50–200 miles long and a mile deep, and it rocks and swings. The bible speaks of this.
Isa 13:13 and Isa 24:18-20 and Psa. 82:5
Gen 7:21-24 “And the waters prevailed upon the earth an 150 days”.
THE WATERS ASSWAGED 8:1
Gen 8:1-3 “The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped.”
Gen 8:4-5 We were already told in Genesis 8:4, that the Ark “rested” on Mt Ararat. This is the second mention of rest in the Bible, (the first time, God resting after six days of Creation).
Gen 8:6-9 “And he sent forth a raven”….“Also he sent forth a dove.” The first mention of both birds fixes their meanings thereafter. To this day, when a cartoonist desires to depict “peace,” he uses the only infallible text book available on types—the KJV Bible. He draws a dove with an olive branch in its mouth (Gen. 8:11). The dove turns out to be a type of the Holy Spirit (see Matt. 3:16; John 1:32). We can only surmise that the ravens (Lev.11:15), as the fowls of the air, are pictures of unclean spirits (see Matt. 13:4; Rev. 18:1–3; Dan. 4:12). The English word for “raven” and “ravenous” is kin to the black bird, and it means to “tear at food hungrily.”
Vs 9 “But the dove found no rest.”
After eighty days on dry ground, Noah sends out the dove for the second trip.
Gen 8:13-14 “The covering of the ark.” The covering is some type of skin or canvas roof which overlaid some open portion of the upper deck exactly as a tarpaulin covers an open hatch. It is not removed until all possibility of another rainstorm has ceased.
Other than Noah’s Ark, the face of the earth was just as it had been on the first day of creation. Waters covered everything on earth. This is because God’s holy judgment amounted to a reversal of His work in Creation. In creation He separated the waters above and the waters below and the dry land. But the flood reversed all of that.
Dr Henry Morris’s commentary “The Genesis Record”, is probably the best work on the flood. I quote:
“…a worldwide flood must have had worldwide geologic effects. Especially must this have been true in such a Flood as described in the Bible, caused by global eruptions, and downpours continuing for 150 days. Such a flood would have destroyed every earlier physiographic feature on or near the earth’s surface, redepositing the eroded materials all over the earth in stratified sedimentary rocks of the earth’s crust….
…Not only do such sedimentary rocks abound all over the world, but they give much evidence of having been formed by rapid and continous depositional processes. Each individual stratum is a distinct sedimentary unit and, in most formations, can be shown by hydraulic analysis to have been formed within a few minutes time…”
Gen 8:20-22 This is the first mention of the actual “seasons,” for which the sun and moon stood (Gen. 1:14). We are to assume that up until here “cold and heat” and “summer and winter” are unknown.
“Seedtime and harvest” would indicate “spring and autumn,” to complete the cycle of “summer, autumn, winter, spring”; but the reader should observe that there are six seasons in Palestine. 1. Seedtime (October and November). 2. Winter (December and January). 3. Cold (February and March). 4. Harvest (April and May). 5. Summer (June and July). 6. Hot (August and September).
Adam / Noah
- They both were sole possessors of the earth.
- They both had a direct commission from God.
- They both had three sons by name.
- Shem and Abel are connected with Christ.
- Cain and Canaan are both cursed.
- Adam is naked when he sins, exactly as Noah (vs 22).
- Adam and Noah partake of “forbidden fruit.”
Vs 2 “And the fear of you and the dread of you.” Something “new” has been added. In a world where animals have lost their docility, man is given new authority. An instinctive fear of man is placed in the animals, which is apparent to this day, and not without good reason. Any animal in his right mind—not “rabid”—gives man a wide berth when he approaches.
9:3 “Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you.” “Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you.” This explains the previous statement, for at Genesis 9, man becomes a “meat eater” (cf. Gen. 3:17). Nimrod (Gen. 10:9) is the first outstanding representative of this class of men who begin hunting in Genesis 9:3. The animals of the earth learn quickly enough that man’s menu was changed after the flood.
And so ends the lesson on the flood. One of the saddest, horrific and terrifying accounts in all of scripture. And yet at the same time, a story of great grace, and hope.
It wasn’t long until Noah realised that his grapes now fermented and having drunk too much grape juice, got drunk and sinned. It took just two verses (20-21). In chapter 10 of Genesis they spread over the earth. And in chapter 11 it’s the imagination causing problems again vs6 and before long we have the tower of Babel and the Lord intervening again.